Quick Answer: What Are The 5 Sources Of Criminal Procedure?

What are the sources of Nigerian criminal law?

The main sources of Nigerian law are:Nigerian Constitution.Legislation (Ordinances, Acts, laws, decrees, edicts and bye-laws).Received English law (common law, equitable doctrines and statutes of general application that were in force in England on 1 January 1900).Customary law.Islamic law.Judicial precedents..

What are 4 sources of criminal procedure?

These include the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. Supreme Court, state constitutions and courts, federal and state statutes, rules of criminal procedure, the American Law Institute’s Model Code of Pre-Arraignment Procedure, and the judicial decisions of federal and state courts.

Where is most criminal law found?

Thus, most of the criminal law today is made by state legislatures, with the federal criminal law being made by Congress.

How does a criminal case begin?

A criminal case usually gets started with a police arrest report. The prosecutor then decides what criminal charges to file, if any. Some cases go to a preliminary hearing, where a judge decides if there is enough evidence to proceed. Cases can also start when a grand jury issues a criminal indictment.

What are the 12 steps of a criminal trial?

12 Steps Of A Trial Flashcards PreviewOpening statement made by the prosecutor or plaintiff.Opening statement made by the defendant.Direct examination by plaintiff or prosecutor.Cross examination by defense.Motions.Direct examination by defense.Cross examination by prosecutor or plaintiff.More items…

What are the sources of criminal law?

That law is derived from one of the four sources of criminal law: common law, statutes, regulations, or ordinances (LaFave 2010: 78). Common law, also known as “case law” or “judge‐made law,” is the first source of criminal law.

What are the steps in criminal procedure?

The 8 Steps of Criminal ProceedingsStep 1: Arrest. An arrest is the initial stage in the criminal process in which an individual accused of a crime is taken into custody. … Step 2: Charges. … Step 3: Arraignment. … Step 4: Pretrial Proceedings. … Step 5: Trial. … Step 6: Verdict. … Step 7: Sentencing. … Step 8: Appeal.

What does criminal procedure mean?

Criminal procedure deals with the set of rules governing the series of proceedings through which the government enforces substantive criminal law. Municipalities, states, and the federal government each have their own criminal codes, defining types of conduct that constitute crimes.

What are 5 sources of law?

The primary sources of law in the United States are the United States Constitution, state constitutions, federal and state statutes, common law, case law, and administrative law.

What are the 3 Sources of criminal law?

The three sources of law are constitutional, statutory, and case law. The sources of law are ranked as follows: first, constitutional; second, statutory; and third, case law.

Where is criminal law found?

Statutes and ordinances Laws passed by Congress and by state legislatures make up most of criminal law. City councils also pass ordinances that compose part of criminal law. Each state has a statutory criminal code, as does the federal government.

What are the 7 basic steps in a criminal case?

Investigation.Charging.Initial Hearing/Arraignment.Discovery.Plea Bargaining.Preliminary Hearing.Pre-Trial Motions.Trial.More items…